Microscope Guide - How to Choose a Microscope
Microscope Guide - How to Choose a Microscope
Buying a microscope shouldn’t be delicate, but it can be confusing. This companion is then to help you narrow down your choices so that you know exactly which microscope is for you.

While certain fields of microscopy similar to electron microscopy and ultra-violet (UV) microscopy live, these fields are rather specialized and bear complex systems with specialized accessories or corridors. As similar, this companion will only cover light microscopes, the most common type of microscope for utmost-commercial or exploration operations. 

There are generally two types of microscopes to look out for stereo or anatomizing microscopes ( low power), and natural or composite microscopes ( high power). Each type has its own features and is used for veritably different tasks! 

The question of what you want your microscope to do will be the most important question to answer in choosing a microscope. Do you want to study towel samples or bitsy organisms? Or do you want to study larger samples and samples of jewels or soil? 

Opting one that's suitable may not be as simple due to the variety of microscopes that are available and the particular operation you're seeking to use it for. Below are some factors to consider 


There are two sources of exaggeration in a microscope. First, you have the objective lens and the other is the eyepiece. To get an understanding of an overall exaggeration, you'll need to multiply the exaggeration power of the objective lens to the eyepiece. 

For illustration, a regular eyepiece exaggeration strength is 10x and the objective lens is 4x. Multiply those together and the total exaggeration is 40x. 

Natural microscope most microscopes have at least 3-4 objective lenses generally at 4x, 10x, 40x, and 100x. Some microscopes can have up to 5 objective lenses which can be planted in conventions and labs. 

Stereo microscopes the low exaggeration range of stereo microscopes are veritably manageable and they can come with either fixed or drone exaggeration. Some fixed exaggeration microscopes are binary power,i.e. They allow druggies to switch between two fixed exaggeration settings,e.g. 10x and 30x, or 20x and 40x, while drone exaggeration allows druggies to use any exaggeration within the range of exaggeration. 

Microscope Head 

For natural microscopes, there are 3 configurations to consider. Monocular, binocular and trinocular. In general, youthful children find monocular configurations more comfortable, while grown-ups prefer binocular microscopes. Trinocular allows stoner to connect a camera or webcam onto the 3rd eyepiece to take filmland or vids of the instance. 

For stereo microscopes, utmost is fitted with a binocular configuration but trinocular is also an option. This allows the attachment of a camera or webcam to the microscope for tutoring, digital imaging, or demonstration purposes. 

Coarse Vs Fine Focus 

The focus clump is another important point on a microscope since everyone has a different point of focus. The little clump attached to the microscope allows you to find the right focus for your eyes. Some concentrate clumps are on their own ( coarse focus) while some have another bitsy clump on top of it ( fine focus). Using coarse focus alone will generally give you a clear view while having the fine focus point allows you to further concentrate on lower patches on the slide. To get a better understanding of coarse and fine focus, please relate to the below image 

Light Source 

There are numerous factors to consider when it comes to the type of light bulbs erected in a microscope. Colour delicacy, heat, beacon life, and ease of relief, just to name many. Then's a breakdown of light bulbs plant in microscopes 

Tungsten/ Incandescent Light 

  • Warm white light 
  • Heats up snappily 
  • Generally doesn't come with a dimmer 
  • Short beacon life 
  • Affordable to buy but hard to find relief bulbs 
  • Plant less in newer model microscopes 


  • Bright warm light 
  • Heats up snappily 
  • Generally comes with a dimmer 
  • Medium Beacon Life 
  • Easy to find relief bulbs 


  • White Light with little heat 
  • Low beacon life 
  • Plant in specialist, epi-fluorescent microscopes 


  • Bright cool light with no heat 
  • Comes with a dimmer 
  • High Beacon Life 
  • Affordable and easy to find relief bulbs 
  • Off white with slight blue shade, not favorable for experimenters 


Some microscopes don't have any light bulbs as it uses natural light as the light source. This works by having a small glass ( rather than a light bulb) reflecting the natural sun into the objective lens and eyepiece. Still, this system is favorable only at a well-lit terrain. You'll also need to manually align the glass to get the stylish reflection into the objective lens. 


The diaphragm is generally planted above the light source and just below the stage. It's responsible for controlling the quantum of light passing through the slide before entering the objective lens and eyepiece. This is particularly useful when there's an inadequate discrepancy to your instance. It may look washed out, to begin with, and controlling how important light you want to pass through will help detect the instance more. 

The most common diaphragm is a rotating fragment diaphragm that sits under the microscope stage. The fragment has different-sized holes, which control the quantum of light projecting overhead. To acclimate the fragment, simply rotate to a larger hole for further light or a lower hole for lower light. 

The iris diaphragm is another popular diaphragm that looks like a pupil of an eye. It manipulates light by confirming the size of the opening with a simple switch at the side. The iris diaphragm is easier to acclimate and can be planted on high-quality microscopes. 


A condenser collects light from the light source and focuses it like a cone of light onto the instance. By having a condenser on your microscope, the image of your observation is sharper compared to those without a condenser. This is useful when you're using 400x exaggeration and over. 

Microscope stage 

The microscope stage holds your instance in place and there are two types to consider. The first is a stage with stage clips and you'll need to manually move the slide to observe different corridors of the instance. The other is a mechanical stage where you can move the slide at an X and Y axis with just the twist of two clods. The mechanical stage also has a dimensioned print, known as graduated locator markings on the side if you need to mark a position of the instance. Utmost mechanical stages can be planted on advanced-end microscopes but they can also come as an accessory and be mounted manually on a microscope that doesn't come with a mechanical stage. 


Newer models of microscopes are able of being powered by batteries, giving them versatility in out-of-door operations and while on the move. Utmost microscopes are now LED lighted as they can be powered by batteries. Size and weight microscope may also be a consideration for those seeking to use a movable microscope. 

So Biological or Stereo Microscope? 

Biological microscopes or emulsion microscopes can magnify objects by between 40x to 400x, although some models are suitable to magnify up to 1600x, making them well-suited to the study of bitsy objects and organisms. 

While this type of microscope allows for lesser exaggeration and position of detail, it generally requires a longer medication time as samples have to be mounted on a slide, and constantly stained, before they can be observed. Lucky for you we've set of the prepared beast and factory slides available for purchase at your convenience and viewing pleasure. 

Stereo microscopes are the instrument of choice for druggies who want to study larger-sized samples, similar to small creatures, shops, jewels, soil, gems, circuitry, etc. This is reflected in the stereo microscope’s fairly low exaggeration, generally between 5 times to 60 times, although advanced exaggerations of around 160 times can be achieved by combining the right microscope with the right accessories. 

Stereo microscopes are suitable for youthful children as their use requires little to no setup. Another advantage that this type of microscope possesses is that the image viewed through the eyepieces is‘ standing’, i.e. upright and-reversed, and in three confines. This is a major advantage for those looking to handle the instance, similar to deconstructions, working on circuit boards, manipulating exposures of objects during observation, etc. 

If you would like to review these microscopes first we recommend you to visit the best microscopes manufacturers in India and do check the specification and quality of the microscopes.