Pregnancy Test: Types, Accuracy, And Result - Doctor360
Pregnancy Test: Types, Accuracy, And Result - Doctor360
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Despite having the most effective contraceptive procedures, there's still a potential for a mistake. After all, it needs only one sperm in order to fertilize the ovum. The anticipation is killing you if you recognize that something unexpected is occurring in your body. However, the suspense results in excellent news for a lot of females as they are going into parenthood and could be worrisome for a few. To put an end to your uncertainty a pregnancy test may readily let you learn whether you are pregnant.

Note:  Let us discuss responses to some of the most often asked questions about pregnancy testing.

What exactly is a pregnancy test, and how does it operate?

Pregnancy medical tests are designed to determine the presence of a hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin in your urine or blood (HCG). This hormone is released shortly after a fertilized ovum adheres to the female uterus's uterine wall. This happens around six days after conception, although this is not always the case. If you're pregnant, HCG levels continue to increase rapidly, doubling every two to three days.

What types of pregnancy tests are available?

Two primary types of pregnancy assessments can let you know if you're expecting: urine tests as well as blood tests.

1. Urine tests can be carried out at home or at a doctor's facility. Some home pregnancy exams might detect HCG the day of your missing menstruation. Home pregnancy tests are discreet and comfortable. These goods come with guidelines. Adhere to them meticulously for the most acceptable outcomes. Right after inspecting, you may check results by visiting your doctor, who can carry out even more sensitive pregnancy lab testing.

2. Blood tests are carried out in your doctor's medical clinic, but are employed less commonly compared to urine tests. These sorts of examinations may detect pregnancy sooner than a home pregnancy test, or roughly 6 to 8 days after ovulation. However, these tests take a little longer to acquire the findings compared to a home pregnancy test.


Two types of blood pregnancy tests available are

1. A  qualitative HCG test simply checks to see whether hCG is accessible. It suggests a "yes" as well as "no" response to the inquiry, "Are you expecting?" Doctors frequently request these blood tests to prove pregnancy condition as early as 10 days after having an ignored period. Some of these medical tests may reveal hCG considerably sooner.

2. A  quantitative HCG test  (beta hCG) The real concentration of hCG in your bloodstream is determined. It is capable of detecting very low quantities of hCG. Due to the ease with which pregnancy lab tests can determine the amount of hCG, they may be beneficial in monitoring any complications throughout pregnancy. Additionally, they may be used (in conjunction with other tests) to rule out tubal (ectopic) pregnancy or to screen a female after a loss when hCG levels rapidly decline.

How genuine are pregnancy lab tests?

The results may be more accurate if the test is performed in the morning when your urine is more concentrated.

Urine pregnancy tests performed at home are around 99 percent accurate. Blood laboratory tests are far more accurate than this. The appropriateness of a home pregnancy test is evaluated by the following:

1. How carefully you follow instruction manuals.

2. When you ovulate in your cycle and how quickly implantation takes place.

3. How immediately after conception do you take the test.

4. The level of sensitivity of the pregnancy test.

Is it costly or difficult to do a home pregnancy test (HPT)?

Without a prescription, you may get a home pregnancy test at a pharmacy. The value is determined by the brand. However, the majority of tests are inexpensive, ranging from $8 to $20. Pregnancy tests at home are quick and easy to use. They are highly accurate when used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. All of these pregnancy tests operate in the same manner. You must conduct a urine test using one of the following methods:

1. Hold the test's stick in your urine flow.

2. Collect urine in a tumbler and then dip the test's stick into it.

3. Collect urine in a cup and make use of a dropper to set urine directly into another container.

With each of these strategies, you must wait a little period of time before seeing the final results. The outcome may take the form of a line, a color, or a symbol, such as a "+" or "-" signal. Digital pregnancy tests display the words "pregnant" or "not pregnant."

If you have any questions about the pregnancy test or the findings, call your doctor or the number listed on the pregnancy test kit.

What do the pregnancy test results mean?

In very rare instances, you may get a false-positive result. This indicates that you are not expecting, despite what the test indicates. You may have a false-positive result if your urine contains blood or protein. Certain drugs, such as tranquilizers, anticonvulsants, or hypnotics, as well as certain fertility meds, may cause false-positive findings.

If you get a negative result, you are undoubtedly surprised. However, if the following criteria occur, you may still be pregnant:

1. The test is beyond its expiration date.

2. You took the test the wrong manner.

3. You tested too early.

4. Your urine is simply too diluted as you drank massive amounts of liquids prior to the test.

5. You are taking specific medicines, like diuretics or antihistamines.

Note:  If you get a negative pregnancy test result, repeat within approximately a week to confirm. Numerous home pregnancy tests advocate that you do this regardless of the results.

If you acquire two distinct results, see your physician. A blood test is a good idea to confirm the findings.

To know more, consult a doctor:

DR. Noor Khan

Dr. Hanume Gowda

kumaran hospital coimbatore

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