A loosely woven sheet called surgical mesh is used during surgery as a permanent or temporary support for organs and other tissues. Surgical mesh, which is employed in a variety of operations, is made from both inorganic and biological materials. can be used for reconstructive work, such as in pelvic organ prolapse, although hernia repair surgery is the most common use.
While temporary meshes eventually dissolve, permanent meshes stay in the body. In a scientific test on sheep, it was discovered in 2012 that one temporary mesh completely vanished after three years. Some types of mesh combine permanent and transient meshes, including non-resorbable polypropylene known as prolene and resorbable polyglycolic acid known as vicryl.
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