Cladding systems is pre-fabricated external coverings for buildings that are designed to provide resistance to the effects of weather. They are usually attached to the outside walls of a building via metal frames, concrete siding or wood shakes, creating an airtight protective structure against the elements. Their main aim is to shelter buildings from harsh weather conditions like strong winds, heavy snow, and storms.
Basically they are exterior surfaces permanently attached to an existing building, creating an airtight enclosed structure. Their primary purpose is to shield buildings from harsh weather conditions like heavy snow and strong winds. Cladding includes metal, such as steel, aluminum, and copper, which is usually the material used. Some materials like wood, vinyl, laminate, and other synthetic materials may be used for the cladding components.
The major components of cladding systems include insulation, vapor resistance, chemical resistance, insect and fungal resistance, and aesthetics. Insulation is provided by polyurethane foam board, block or sheathing, or blanket board. Block or sheathing is followed by a plastic membrane that seals and protects the insulated panels. This layer is made up of either paper or block materials and provides additional protection to the interior surface of the panel. A barrier is then applied to prevent the penetration of moisture into the interior of the panel.
Cladding systems are used to enhance the visual appeal of a building while providing insulation against thermal loss and increasing the energy efficiency of the structure. Cladding can be constructed from a wide range of materials used for this purpose, including aluminum, steel, fiberglass, wood, and composite materials. Cladding can also be painted to provide a range of different colors and effects. The appearance and longevity of the finished product depend on the quality of the manufacturing process used and the finish used. Some of the more popular finishes include painted cladding panels, pre-finished cladding panels, and pre-painted cladding panels.