Conveyor Parts and Their Functions
Conveyor Parts and Their Functions
Conveyor Parts and Their Functions



Conveyor belts are a crucial part of many manufacturing processes. They help to move and transport materials, parts, and other objects through the facilities in which they’re used. Conveyor belts can be found in factories, distribution centers, and warehouses as well as other areas where large amounts of goods need to be moved quickly and efficiently.

Drive unit

A drive unit is a motor that powers the belt. The drive unit can be an electric or pneumatic conveyor, and it may be single- or double-stage. Single stages are usually used for light loads and short distances, while double stages are typically used for heavy loads and long distances.

Head shaft

The head shaft is the part of the conveyor that connects to both the drive unit and the head pulley. It’s usually made of metal, usually steel, and can be long with a bearing at each end. The drive units often turn these shafts as they move along a conveyor belt.


The head pulley is connected to one end of this metal rod, allowing it to turn freely as needed for moving objects along an assembly line if your conveyor system has that capability.

The bearings are placed at each end so that there’s no friction between them when they spin around while in use; this would slow down or stop them from moving properly!

Take-up/ Snub pulley

One of the most important parts of a conveyor system is the take-up/snub pulley. This will be used to drive the conveyor belt and stop it at an appropriate location. A snub pulley is usually located at either end or in between sections of a conveyor system, depending on how you want your system to operate.


Snub pulleys are typically mounted on a tail shaft that allows them to move up and down as needed. The size of the tail shaft depends on what kind of load it needs to support; if you have heavy loads with large spacing between them, then you’ll need larger diameter shafts with stronger bearings while smaller diameters would suffice for lighter loads that require less space between them..

Tail pulley

The tail pulley is the part of the conveyor belt that is closest to the drive unit. It’s usually mounted on a motor shaft and has a smaller diameter than the head pulley.


The purpose of this pulley is to provide traction, which translates into reduced slipping and jerking when transporting goods along an overhead conveyor system.

Carrying run


A conveyor’s carrying run is the length of the conveyor belt. The carrying run should be long enough to allow products to travel at a speed that is safe for humans to work with; this will be especially important if you have workers walking alongside the product. If you want to install a longer belt, consider using two or more lines instead of one big line—this can help prevent jams and make it easier for workers to inspect each side of your products as they’re moving down your conveyor.

Impact idler

  • A conveyor belt idler is a mechanical device that is used to guide and support the conveyor belt. It acts as a tensioner, which allows the belt to be pulled against its own weight by applying tension when needed.

  • Conveyor belt pulleys are another important part of any conveyor system. They provide power transmission from one component of the machine to another, usually through metal belts or chains.

  • A conveyor drive pulley is often used between two gears on a machine and can be made up of many different materials, including plastic, metal, and rubber. It serves as an attachment point for several other key components within a system like hoppers or chutes — all while handling heavy loads without causing damage over time due to friction or wear-and-tear issues caused by frequent use over long periods (which could otherwise lead to costly repairs).

Transition idler


Transition idlers are used to reduce the speed of a belt. They are also known as reversing idlers and can be used to change direction on a conveyor system.


The transition idler is an integral part of any conveyor system, but if one were to develop a fault in it, it would cause big problems for your business’ production line.


It’s important that you know what each part does so that you are able to troubleshoot any issues that might arise with them.

Conveyor belts are important in many manufacturing processes.

The above descriptions of conveyor belt parts and their functions are just a few examples. There are many types of conveyors, and each type has its own set of parts and functions that make it work properly. When you need to repair or replace any part of your conveyor system, it’s important to know what each part does so you can find the right replacement or fix for it.

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